Exploring Psychological Closure: Proximity, Similarity, and Continuity

After taking a look at each other’s slideshows, my classmates Taylor, Kamber, and I picked out some photographs that we believe exemplify the principle of psychological closure, discussed in Zettl’s readings. Zettl breaks this down into three main categories: proximity, similarity, and continuity.


  • When similar elements lie in close proximity to one another, we tend to see them together. Because of attraction of mass, we connect more readily those elements that lie closer together than those that lie farther apart.

conditioning 3

real team hands


  • Similar shapes are seen together



  • Once a dominant line is established, its direction is not easily disturbed by other lines cutting across it


game day 1


Check out Taylor and Kamber’s slideshows!

Until next blog,



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